Phil Andros

Paul Goodman's West Coast Counterpart

Samuel Morris Steward (1909-1993) was something like a California counterpart to Paul Goodman.  Steward was an English professor, controversial essayist (under the pen-name Ward Starnes), prolific novelist of gay pulp fiction (under the pen-name Phil Andros) and tattoo-artist (as “Doc Sparrow”).  In his early years as a young novelist, he maintained a long friendship with Gertrude Stein, and met often with literary figures such as Thomas Mann and Andre Gide.   In the 1950s, Steward became an “unofficial collaborator” of